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Most childhood cancer survivors don’t experience lung and breathing problems as a result of their therapy.
But certain treatments for childhood cancers can cause lung and breathing problems. They can damage tiny air sacs and blood vessels in the lung. Therapies can also cause swelling of air passages and increased mucus production because of irritation or infection.
Surgical procedures to the chest. These procedures do not include central line placement.
Transplant patients with graft versus host disease are at risk.
Drugs such as anthracyclines that cause heart problems can also impact lung health. The risk of late effects increases if patients received these medicines along with treatments that heighten the risk of lung damage.
Risk factors include:
Problems can include:
Easy tiring or shortness of breath during mild exercise is also a possible symptom.
Reviewed: June 2018