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Some female childhood cancer survivors may have problems with their reproductive health — menstrual periods, pregnancy, and childbearing — because of certain treatments they received.
The effect, if any, depends on the:
Treatments are available for many conditions that affect the reproductive system.
In general, females who are adolescents and young adults at the time of treatment are at higher risk for problems than younger girls.
Survivors should have annual physical examinations that include:
If the health care provider sees problems in these areas, he or she may refer the survivor to an endocrinologist or other specialists.
Treatments are available for many conditions that affect hormones and fertility.
For women with ovarian failure, a bone density test to check for thinning of the bones may also be recommended.
For more information, read the Children’s Oncology Group’s Female Health Issues after Cancer Treatment.
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Reviewed: June 2020