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A cystectomy is an operation to remove the urinary bladder.
It is a treatment for some cancers in the pelvic area. The pelvic area is just below your belly button. Some patients may need their bladder removed because of treatment complications. These complications include hemorrhagic cystitis (swelling and bleeding in the bladder) or bladder fibrosis (scar tissue in the bladder).
After a cystectomy, surgeons create a new way for urine (pee) to leave the body. It is called diversion.
There are 3 main types: incontinent diversion, cutaneous continent diversion, and orthotopic neobladder.
Potential issues include:
Incontinence, the inability to control the passage of urine, may occur.
Cystectomy may also increase the risk of sexual problems in both men and women. Surgery and medicines may help.
Tips for health care after cystectomy include:
Reviewed: August 2023