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Actiq®; Duragesic®; Sublimaze®
Often used for:
Fentanyl is an opioid medicine used to control pain. Fentanyl comes in different forms and strengths. It may be used for severe or ongoing pain in patients who still have pain while taking other pain medicines. Fentanyl may also be used to control pain during and after surgery.
Some forms of fentanyl work immediately. Fast-acting forms include sublingual tablets and spray, oral lozenges, buccal tablets, dissolvable film, and intranasal spray. These medicines are often used for pain that occurs while on another opioid pain medicine (breakthrough pain).
Fentanyl may also be given through a patch placed on the skin. The skin patch releases medicine more slowly over time and may be used for pain that is more chronic or persistent.
Fentanyl prescription is regulated for safety purposes. Fentanyl may be habit-forming with long-term use. The care team will watch for signs of misuse or addiction. Families may be asked to keep a record of the doses taken so the doctor can prescribe the best possible pain control.
Patients receiving fentanyl may be monitored for changes in breathing, heart rate, and oxygen levels.
Fentanyl is a strong pain medicine. Too much of the medicine can be deadly. Follow dosing and handling instructions carefully, and keep away from children and pets.
May be taken as a dissolvable tablet, film, or lozenge by mouth
May be given as a patch or device placed on the skin
May be given as a spray into the mouth or nose
May be given as a liquid by injection
Not all patients who take fentanyl will experience these side effects. Common side effects are in bold, but there may be others. Please report all suspected side effects to your doctor or pharmacist.
Be sure to discuss these and other recommendations with your doctor or pharmacist.