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Endocrine Late Effects

Some childhood cancers and treatment can affect the development and functioning of the endocrine system.

The body’s endocrine system is a complex network of glands located throughout the body that produce hormones. The endocrine system controls most of the body’s functions such as growth, puberty, energy level, urine production, and stress response.

The organs of the endocrine system include:

  • The pineal gland, hypothalamus, and pituitary gland in the brain
  • Parathyroid glands
  • Thyroid gland
  • Thymus
  • Adrenal glands
  • Pancreas
  • Kidneys
  • Testes (males) and ovaries (females)
A graphic of an outline of a person showing the endocrine system. Labeled parts are the pineal gland, thymus, ovary (for females), testicle (for males), hypothalamus, pituitary gland, thyroid and parathyroid glands, pancreas, adrenal glands, and placenta (for females).

Reviewed: June 2018