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A multidrug-resistant organism (MDRO) is a germ that resists many antibiotics. Antibiotics are medicines used to stop the growth of bacteria that cause infection.
Certain common antibiotics will not work to treat MDRO infections. This makes these infections hard to treat and cure.
Germs can become resistant after the person takes antibiotics. To survive, the germs figure out ways to adapt and resist the effects of antibiotics.
MDROs develop when antibiotics:
Examples of MDROs include:
MDROs spread from patient to patient on the hands of:
They can also spread when the germ gets on objects or surfaces such as:
At times, an MDRO can make your child sick. In some cases, an MDRO can be present on or in your child’s body but might not cause illness. But it may spread to other children with weak immune systems and make them sick.
Healthy people usually don’t get MDRO infections. Risk factors include:
Patients with cancer are more likely to get an MDRO. The infection might be related to:
MDROs are hard to treat because they can resist many common antibiotics. But a few antibiotics can be used. Your child's doctor will decide what to use based on the germ and the infection’s location.
Do these things to help prevent the spread of MDROs:
Reviewed: July 2022