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Glossary - V

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V

Showing 1-13 out of 13 Terms

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  • Varicella

    Chicken pox, an infection caused by virus. Children with cancer may have a special problem with this infection if they have not had it before.

  • Vein

    (vayn)

    A blood vessel carrying blood which is relatively lacking in oxygen from the tissues towards your heart and lungs. Veins are used to draw blood samples and administer IV fluids because blood in veins is not under pressure.

  • Venous access catheter

    (VEE-nus ... KA-theh-ter)

    A thin, flexible tube that is inserted into a large vein, usually in the arm, chest, or leg. It is used to give intravenous fluids, blood transfusions, and chemotherapy and other drugs, and for taking blood samples. It avoids the need for repeated needle sticks.

  • Ventricle

    VEN-trih-kul

    A fluid-filled cavity in the heart or brain.

  • Vertigo

    Dizziness, especially the feeling that your surroundings are swirling.

  • Vestibular schwannoma

    A vestibular schwannoma is a benign, usually slow-growing tumor that develops from the balance and hearing nerves supplying the inner ear. Also known as acoustic neuroma, acoustic neurinoma, or acoustic neurilemoma.

  • Vincristine

    (vin-KRIS-teen)

    The active ingredient in a drug used to treat acute leukemia. It is sometimes used with other drugs to treat Hodgkin lymphoma, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, rhabdomyosarcoma, neuroblastoma, and Wilms tumor. It is also being studied in the treatment of other types of cancer. Vincristine blocks cell growth by stopping cell division. It is a type of vinca alkaloid and a type of antimitotic agent.

  • Viruses

    Measles, mumps, chicken pox, and the common cold.

  • Visceral

    (VIH-seh-rul)

    Having to do with the viscera, which are the soft internal organs of the body, including the lungs, the heart, and the organs of the digestive, excretory, reproductive, and circulatory systems.

  • Vitamin A

    (VY-tuh-min …)

    A nutrient that the body needs in small amounts to function and stay healthy. Vitamin A helps in vision, bone growth, reproduction, growth of epithelium (cells that line the internal and external surfaces of the body), and fighting infections. It is fat-soluble (can dissolve in fats and oils). Vitamin A is found in liver, egg yolks, and whole milk dairy products from animals and in fish oils. It can also be made in the body from a substance found in some fruits and vegetables, such as cantaloupes, carrots, spinach, and sweet potatoes. Vitamin A is being studied in the prevention and treatment of some types of cancer. Also called retinol.

  • Vitamin C

    (VY-tuh-min…)

    A nutrient that the body needs in small amounts to function and stay healthy. Vitamin C helps fight infections, heal wounds, and keep tissues healthy. It is an antioxidant that helps prevent cell damage caused by free radicals (highly reactive chemicals). Vitamin C is found in all fruits and vegetables, especially citrus fruits, strawberries, cantaloupe, green peppers, tomatoes, broccoli, leafy greens, and potatoes. It is water-soluble (can dissolve in water) and must be taken in every day. Vitamin C is being studied in the prevention and treatment of some types of cancer. Also called ascorbic acid.

  • Vitamin D

    (VY-tuh-min ...)

    A nutrient that the body needs in small amounts to function and stay healthy. Vitamin D helps the body use calcium and phosphorus to make strong bones and teeth. It is fat-soluble (can dissolve in fats and oils) and is found in fatty fish, egg yolks, and dairy products. Skin exposed to sunshine can also make vitamin D. Not enough vitamin D can cause a bone disease called rickets. It is being studied in the prevention and treatment of some types of cancer. Also called cholecalciferol.

  • Vomit

    (VAH-mit)

    To eject the contents of your stomach through your mouth; an act or instance of disgorging the contents of the stomach through the mouth.