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Glossary - V

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V

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  • Varicella

    Chicken pox, an infection caused by virus. Children with cancer may have a special problem with this infection if they have not had it before.

  • Vein

    (vayn)

    A blood vessel carrying blood which is relatively lacking in oxygen from the tissues towards your heart and lungs. Veins are used to draw blood samples and administer IV fluids because blood in veins is not under pressure.

  • Venous access catheter

    (VEE-nus ... KA-theh-ter)

    A thin, flexible tube that is inserted into a large vein, usually in the arm, chest, or leg. It is used to give intravenous fluids, blood transfusions, and chemotherapy and other drugs, and for taking blood samples. It avoids the need for repeated needle sticks.

  • Ventricle

    VEN-trih-kul

    A fluid-filled cavity in the heart or brain.

  • Vertigo

    Dizziness, especially the feeling that your surroundings are swirling.

  • Vestibular schwannoma

    A vestibular schwannoma is a benign, usually slow-growing tumor that develops from the balance and hearing nerves supplying the inner ear. Also known as acoustic neuroma, acoustic neurinoma, or acoustic neurilemoma.

  • Vincristine

    (vin-KRIS-teen)

    The active ingredient in a drug used to treat acute leukemia. It is sometimes used with other drugs to treat Hodgkin lymphoma, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, rhabdomyosarcoma, neuroblastoma, and Wilms tumor. It is also being studied in the treatment of other types of cancer. Vincristine blocks cell growth by stopping cell division. It is a type of vinca alkaloid and a type of antimitotic agent.

  • Viruses

    Measles, mumps, chicken pox, and the common cold.

  • Visceral

    (VIH-seh-rul)

    Having to do with the viscera, which are the soft internal organs of the body, including the lungs, the heart, and the organs of the digestive, excretory, reproductive, and circulatory systems.

  • Vomit

    (VAH-mit)

    To eject the contents of your stomach through your mouth; an act or instance of disgorging the contents of the stomach through the mouth.