Together is a new resource for anyone affected by pediatric cancer - patients and their parents, family members, and friends.Learn More
Calcium is a mineral that is an important part of a healthy diet. Vitamin D is a nutrient that helps the body absorb calcium.
Calcium and vitamin D work together to:
People who may need more combined calcium and vitamin D include:
Risk factors for low vitamin D include:
Calcium is in a variety of foods. The best way to increase calcium is with food, not by taking supplements. Calcium supplements can react with other medications.
Vitamin D is found in some foods. It is also made by your body when your skin absorbs sunlight.
Vitamin D supplements are available in two forms. Vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol) is made from animal sources. Vitamin D2 (ergocalciferol) is made from plant sources.
Talk to your care team before spending time in the sun or taking any store-bought supplements.
Add calcium and vitamin D to your diet by eating foods found in the lists here.
Foods high in calcium include:
|Dairy||All milk and milk products|
|Vegetable||All green leafy vegetables, broccoli, greens, kale, spinach|
|Beans/Legumes||Baked beans, black eyed peas, pinto beans, white beans|
|Fish||Canned fish with bones, sardines, and salmon|
|Fruit||Dried figs, orange, papaya, prunes, raisins|
|Foods with calcium added (Fortified)||Breakfast cereal, bread, cereal bars, juices, pancake/waffle mix, rice milk, soy products, tortillas|
Foods high in vitamin D include:
|Dairy||Cheese, milk, yogurt, margarine|
|Oil||Cod liver oil|
|Fish||Mackerel, salmon, sardines, trout, tuna|
|Foods with vitamin D added (Fortified)||Almond milk, breakfast cereal, cereal bars, margarine, milk, oat milk, oatmeal, orange juice, yogurt|
Read more about nutrition.
Reviewed: August 2022