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List of Genetic Syndromes

Some children are born with genetic conditions that may lead to cancer.

Most childhood cancers are not believed to be inherited (passed down through the generations.) A study by the St. Jude-Washington University Pediatric Cancer Genome Project found that about 8.5 percent of childhood cancer cases occur because of an underlying genetic condition.

Having one of these genetic conditions does not mean that person will develop cancer. It means the person has an increased risk of developing it because of his or her genetic makeup.

These genetic conditions include:

  • Ataxia-Telangiectasia
  • Beckwith-Wiedemann Syndrome and Isolated hemihypertrophy
  • Carney Complex
  • Constitutional Mismatch Repair Deficiency Syndrome
  • DICER1 Syndrome
  • Familial Adenomatous Polyposis
  • Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis (HLH)
  • Hereditary Neuroblastoma
  • Hereditary Paraganglioma-Pheochromocytoma Syndrome
  • Hereditary Retinoblastoma
  • Li-Fraumeni Syndrome
  • Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 1
  • Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 2
  • Neurofibromatosis Type 1
  • Neurofibromatosis Type 2
  • Nevoid Basal Cell Carcinoma Syndrome
  • Noonan Syndrome
  • Peutz-Jeghers Syndrome
  • PTEN Hamartoma Tumor Syndrome
  • Rhabdoid Tumor Predisposition Syndrome
  • Tuberous Sclerosis Syndrome
  • Von Hippel Lindau Syndrome
  • WT1-Related Syndromes
  • X-linked Lymphoproliferative Syndrome
  • Xeroderma Pigmentosa


Reviewed: June 2018

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